Virtualbox missing vboxdrv dkms modules

During the one of last d-u some trigger accidentally removed the linux-headers meta package which is necessary for building dynamic kernel modules for nvidia and virtualbox.

Start-Date: 2014-06-07  21:17:14
Commandline: apt-get dist-upgrade
Install: python3-markupsafe:amd64 (0.23-1, automatic), gir1.2-secret-1:amd64 (0.18-1, automatic), python3-mako:amd64 (0.9.1-1, automatic), libgcrypt20:
amd64 (1.6.1-2, automatic)
Upgrade: libtotem-plparser18:amd64 (3.10.2-1, 3.10.2-3), rhythmbox-plugins:amd64 (3.0.1-1+b2, 3.0.3-1+b1), kde-runtime:amd64 (4.12.4-1, 4.13.1-1), rhyt
hmbox-data:amd64 (3.0.1-1, 3.0.3-1), rhythmbox-plugin-cdrecorder:amd64 (3.0.1-1+b2, 3.0.3-1+b1), libssh2-1:amd64 (1.4.3-2, 1.4.3-3), rhythmbox:amd64 (3
.0.1-1+b2, 3.0.3-1+b1), plasma-scriptengine-javascript:amd64 (4.12.4-1, 4.13.1-1), gir1.2-rb-3.0:amd64 (3.0.1-1+b2, 3.0.3-1+b1), librhythmbox-core8:amd
64 (3.0.1-1+b2, 3.0.3-1+b1)
Remove: linux-headers-3.13-1-amd64:amd64 (3.13.10-1), linux-headers-3.14-1-amd64:amd64 (3.14.4-1), linux-compiler-gcc-4.8-x86:amd64 (3.14.4-1), linux-headers-amd64:amd64 (3.14+57)
End-Date: 2014-06-07  21:17:26

Virtualbox does start but failed with a fancy non-telling error.


At first sight I was confused with ‘/etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup’ which does not exist with systemd anymore.
Reinstalling the Virtualbox DKMS package just told me – ah, there’s something missing.

# apt-get install --reinstall virtualbox-dkms
Paketlisten werden gelesen... Fertig
Abhängigkeitsbaum wird aufgebaut.
Statusinformationen werden eingelesen.... Fertig
0 aktualisiert, 0 neu installiert, 1 erneut installiert, 0 zu entfernen und 1 nicht aktualisiert.
Es müssen noch 0 B von 559 kB an Archiven heruntergeladen werden.
Nach dieser Operation werden 0 B Plattenplatz zusätzlich benutzt.
(Lese Datenbank ... 297911 Dateien und Verzeichnisse sind derzeit installiert.)
Vorbereitung zum Entpacken von .../virtualbox-dkms_4.3.12-dfsg-1_all.deb ...

Deleting module version: 4.3.12
completely from the DKMS tree.
Entpacken von virtualbox-dkms (4.3.12-dfsg-1) über (4.3.12-dfsg-1) ...
virtualbox-dkms (4.3.12-dfsg-1) wird eingerichtet ...
Loading new virtualbox-4.3.12 DKMS files...
Building only for 3.14-1-amd64
Module build for the currently running kernel was skipped since the
kernel source for this kernel does not seem to be installed.

Fix it by installing the kernel headers and reinstalling the virtualbox dkms package.

# apt-get install linux-headers-amd64
# apt-get install --reinstall virtualbox-dkms

Then the vboxdrv kernel module has to be loaded.

# modprobe vboxdrv

Try to boot the vm, it will fail with the network interfaces requiring the additional ‘vboxnetflt’ kernel module.

# modprobe vboxnetflt

From sysvinit to systemd in Debian Jessie

sysvinit-core gets removed on dist-upgrade, and systemd-sysv is installed instead. Therefore the dependency for sysvinit is fulfilled and a smooth transition to systemd is ensured in current Debian Jessie.

nbmif ~ # apt-get dist-upgrade
Paketlisten werden gelesen... Fertig
Abhängigkeitsbaum wird aufgebaut.
Statusinformationen werden eingelesen.... Fertig
Paketaktualisierung (Upgrade) wird berechnet... Die folgenden Pakete wurden automatisch installiert und werden nicht mehr benötigt:
  libqmi-glib0 xulrunner-29
Verwenden Sie »apt-get autoremove«, um sie zu entfernen.
Die folgenden Pakete werden ENTFERNT:
Die folgenden NEUEN Pakete werden installiert:
  libqmi-glib1 libqmi-proxy systemd-sysv
Die folgenden Pakete werden aktualisiert (Upgrade):
  libmm-glib0 libpam-systemd libsystemd-daemon0 libsystemd-journal0 libsystemd-login0 modemmanager systemd
7 aktualisiert, 3 neu installiert, 1 zu entfernen und 0 nicht aktualisiert.
Es müssen 2.294 kB an Archiven heruntergeladen werden.
Nach dieser Operation werden 1.825 kB Plattenplatz zusätzlich benutzt.
Möchten Sie fortfahren? [J/n]

The previous init binary is now a symlink to systemd.

nbmif ~ # ls -la /sbin/init
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 20 Jun 28 13:28 /sbin/init -> /lib/systemd/systemd*

Reboot – thanks to the parallel tasks it’s a matter of seconds on a i5 with 8gb ram and a samsung evo ssd.

Remove trailing whitespaces on save in Komodo Edit 8

Komodo Edit 8 is a free editor (not using the commercial IDE) but is sometimes hard to configure. It certainly plays well while hacking Icinga 2 in C++ or Icinga Web 2 in PHP.

On a fresh install, the trailing whitespaces are not removed when saving a document (and it really should, they are annoying when you open it with vim/git diff and whitespaces highlighting enabled).

Navigate to Edit – Preferences – Editor – Save Options and tick Clean trailing whitespaces and EOL markers and Only clean changed lines. The last option saves us from cleaning the entire document and generate horrible git diffs solving whitespaces issues caused by others. (i hate git diffs solving everything but hiding the real fixed code diff).


Debian Jessie, Chromium 35, NPAPI, Aura and the flash plugin

Chromium 35 did bite me with flashplugin-nonfree not being supported anymore – on saturday with a fresh install of Debian Testing, and later after dist-upgrade on my workstation fetching the latest version.

# less /var/log/apt/history.log

Start-Date: 2014-06-07  21:07:20
Commandline: apt-get upgrade
chromium:amd64 (34.0.1847.116-1~deb7u1, 35.0.1916.114-2),
michi@imagine ~ $ dpkg -l *chromium* | grep ^ii
ii  chromium                     35.0.1916.114-2 amd64        Chromium web browser
ii  chromium-inspector           35.0.1916.114-2 all          page inspector for the Chromium browser

michi@imagine ~ $ dpkg -l *flashplugin* | grep ^ii
ii  flashplugin-nonfree 1:3.4        amd64        Adobe Flash Player - browser plugin

which results in a fancy browser warning:




The reason is simple – Chrome developers decided to drop/remove support for NPAPI plugins in Chrome 35 changing to Linux Aura, rendering the flash plugin incompatible.

Luckily there’s an alternate plugin around already, and explained on the Debian wiki, the pepper flash player.

# apt-get install pepperflashplugin-nonfree

This wrapper package downloads the current Chrome Debian package from and unpacks the pepper flash plugin due to license issues with redistribution of that plugin (hooray, yet again).

Chromium will primarly detect that flash plugin, and starting to work again (after closing and restarting it). I’m aware of the fact that there’s gnash and other alternatives, but they either did not work or caused too much (compatibility) troubles.

Looks far better now 🙂


Gnome 3: Change default user dirs

Presumingly somewhere hidden between gnome-session-properties, gnome-tweak-tool and dconf-editor, but that’s the easierst way:

$ vim ~/.config/user-dirs.dirs


Mainly for the reason that upgrades might re-create the nastly default dirs.